Mr. DiNapoli spoke on the state of New York State, and Long Island. This year marked the 25th
anniversary of the greatest achievements – the Long Island Pine Barrens Act. He credited the
resilience of the Long Island residents who fought to preserve the island’s environment.
He pointed out that, while Long Island has a high cost of living and traffic problems on its
highways, the region provides its residents quality health care, a wonderful educational system
and a quality of life, so the benefits of Long Island outweigh the drawbacks.
Since the Great Recession, New York State and Long Island have seen sizable improvements in
the economy and the job market. This year, the state’s unemployment rate is half of that during
the recessionary period. Last year, New York created 850,000 private-sector jobs – the third-
highest behind California and Texas. Over 90% of the new jobs were created in the downstate
area (Suffolk, Nassau, Westchester and Rockland Counties). Further, more than 9 million people
are currently employed – the most since the Great Recession.
Despite the positive numbers, Mr. DiNapoli says the economy and job market in New York State
is “a tale of two cities”; he sees the downstate area thriving, while upstate New York has been
Sales tax revenue has gone up as a result of an increase in consumer confidence. Last year, sales tax revenues in the state increased by almost 4% – the highest year-over- year increase since
The year 2017 was also good for the securities industry, according to Mr. DiNapoli. Profits of
dealer-broker firms rose by 42% last year – twice the amount of the previous year. This is
significant because the state is dependent on the securities industry’s performance for its
economy. His concern was the federal government’s rollback of the financial regulations that
were put in place by the previous administration. He said such regulations are needed to
stabilize the economy.
He also noted that Wall Street has an impact on the state’s economy. In order to stay profitable,
may Wall Street firms have trimmed personnel, resulting in fewer available jobs. He said,
regardless of what people may think of Wall Street, it does great things for the state’s economy.
On the topic of pension funds, Mr. DiNapoli said the state has one of the best-funded pension
funds, behind Wisconsin and South Dakota. Every five years, the comptroller’s office examines
the numbers and determines what the rate of return should be. The rate is currently at 7%,
which has been lowered. Mr. DiNapoli said the rate may be lowered again. Any
recommendation he makes is based on the report from his office’s actuaries.
Mr. DiNapoli also pointed out that 60% to 70% of a Long Island homeowner’s tax bill is school
taxes. When he was told of some school districts which carry surpluses in their funds, he said he
has called on those districts to use some of the surplus, but has received pushback. Under New
York State law, a district cannot carry over a surplus of 4%. Although carrying a higher fund
balance is against the law, there is no way to punish the districts. Rather, the comptroller’s
office completes an audit on the school district making recommendations on how districts can
be more fiscally responsible. While school districts are restricted from making certain purchases
with their surpluses, the comptroller cannot tell the school district what to do. If the school
district has a surplus, the comptroller is required to notify the district residents.
The subject of school district consolidation came up. He said that everyone is for consolidation
until it happens in their neighborhood. He does not believe school district consolidation will
happen, but he suggested that district can share personnel at the administrative level in an
effort to save taxpayers money.
Mr. DiNapoli said Long Island taxpayers will be affected by the president’s tax law, as the state
and local tax deductions will be capped at $10,000. In order to alleviate the tax burden,
Governor Cuomo has set forth two proposals: one to replace the income tax with the payroll tax to shift any further burden on the taxpayer, and another to set up a charitable trust so that any
tax payments counts as a charitable deduction.
When asked why state authorities (Metropolitan Transit Authority, New York State Dormitory
Authority, etc.) exist, Mr. DiNapoli said the purpose of the authorities was to let them operate
independent of any undue political influence. Unfortunately, these authorities do not report to
anyone else, no there is no accountability on their part. He said the state will have to look into
reforming these authorities and making these authorities more transparent.